Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle

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Introduction

Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle

Armored reconnaissance vehicles are classified into two types, wheeled and tracked. Sometimes reconnaissance vehicles with large-caliber guns are called combat reconnaissance vehicles, and generally they are called armored reconnaissance vehicles.
In modern warfare, the task of mechanized forces of all countries in establishing contact with the enemy and collecting enemy strength and operational intelligence is usually accomplished by armored reconnaissance vehicles, which is extremely advantageous for high-speed maneuvers and tactical transient battlefields. However, wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicles are favored by various countries’ armies due to their small resistance, high efficiency, speed, and mobility, low fuel consumption, large travel reserve, reliable work, long life, low noise, and ease of concealment. .


The current state of the world's armed forces, equipped with a variety of models of special armored reconnaissance vehicles, the following mainly talk about wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicles, foreign military are more famous: Germany's Lynx 2 wheeled reconnaissance vehicle, France's VBC90 wheeled Reconnaissance vehicle, Russia's БРДМ-2 wheeled reconnaissance vehicle, the latest is Israel's reconnaissance/surveillance armored vehicle - RAM-2000, German Wigmann Company and Dutch Aerospace Vehicle Company jointly developed the non-state fox light 4× 4 Chassis of wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicles. Each Soviet motorized infantry division of the former Soviet Army equipped 28 БРДМ-2 wheeled reconnaissance vehicles, including 12 reconnaissance battalions, 4 tank regiment and 3 differently equipped motorized infantry regiments; and tank engineers also equipped 28 vehicles. Among them, there are 12 reconnaissance battalions, motorized infantry regiments and 3 tank regiments each.
The Chinese military, which closely follows the world’s military revolution, is also eagerly engaged in the construction of wheeled, light mechanized troops. The series of main battle equipment of various wheeled chassis are all equipped with our military aircraft divisions [brigade]. Type 92A type combat vehicle, wheel type 92B personnel carrier; 100mm wheel type self-propelled assault gun; wheeled 120mm self-propelled howitzer, wheeled 122mm self-propelled howitzer, wheeled anti-aircraft missile guided vehicle; wheeled command, As for auxiliary vehicles such as communications, emergency repairs, and ambulances, wheeled battlefield armored reconnaissance vehicles with rare roles are rarely seen. [1]


The types of armored reconnaissance vehicles have seen only about three kinds. One is a reconnaissance vehicle that has appeared in the past. This kind of special reconnaissance vehicle is like a product in the 80s. It looks at China's new wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicle from photos. With a 4x4 wheeled chassis, the reconnaissance vehicle is welded from a homogeneous steel armor plate. The sides are low profile and easy to conceal. The front is sharply shaped and has good ballistic resistance. The top of the car is equipped with a steel tower gun tower and a 12.7 mm high-height dual-purpose heavy machine gun. The front of the car body has a raised observation window with bullet-proof glass for driving and reconnaissance. Other technical performance is unknown, the car looks strange, with the words of netizens like bandits. Later there is no news, I do not know whether the troops can be installed......

Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle

The other is a wheeled type 90B artillery reconnaissance vehicle that is exported with the Chinese military’s foreign military trade products: the 90--B type 122 mm rocket launcher, and the other one is the face of the army’s 127-gauge division [Iron Army] in the Jinan War Zone. A wheeled vehicle, suspected to be a reconnaissance vehicle. Of course, if you have new discoveries and photos of military enthusiasts, please enlighten them. [2]
The first type of armored reconnaissance vehicle was too simple. Apart from car-cut weapons, there was no telescopic observation equipment. It may be of a trial-producing nature. We do not say much here.
The latter two used the same WMZ551B wheeled 6X6 chassis as the 92-wheel step vehicle. The body was equipped with a 12.7-mm heavy machine gun and retractable observation equipment, but the body was 6.8 meters long and 2.86 meters wide. It is 2.87 meters high. The total weight of the battle is 15.3 tons. It is 0.41 meters above the ground. Although the common chassis with the 92-car family is beneficial to the logistical support in wartime, the deaf believes that the same choice as the 92-wheel stepping chariot, the WMZ551B Wheeled 6X6 chassis, as a special armored reconnaissance vehicle chassis, the body is too tall, is not conducive to covert surveillance on the battlefield. In addition to the general use of wheeled chassis, which is convenient for logistical support, it is not the best choice for models.


Different styles

Fox type light wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicle

The Fox-type light-wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicle [3] was developed in 1965 by the then Fighting Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (now the Royal Armament Research and Development Institute of the Royal Armament Research and Development, Chertsey). Development Establishmen, Chertsey) developed and signed a contract with Daimler Company for the production of 15 prototypes the following year. The first prototype was completed in November 1967. The last one was completed in April 1969 and trials began in 1968. In October 1969, the first announcement of the successful development of a fox reconnaissance vehicle was announced. In 1970, the British Army accepted the service of drag racing. It was produced by the Royal Ordnance Leeds in 1972 and completed its first production car in March 1973.
The British Army’s regular and reserve units use the car, and Alvis supplies the car with welded aluminum turrets.


Structural features

RAM light wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicle family

The car adopts an all-welded aluminum armored car body and turret to prevent heavy-duty bullets and shrapnel.
The driver is located at the front of the car body and is equipped with a hatch that opens to the right and has an integral wide-angle periscope on the front. The periscope can be quickly replaced by a passive night-vision periscope.
The turret is located in the center of the car body. The length of the squadron is filled with hands on the left side, and the length of the gunner is on the right side. Each has a single sash that opens backwards. The captain has a 1× and 10× double-barrel surveillance periscope mounted on a rotating frame and has 7 observation periscopes. The gunner had a 1×, 10× double-barrel periscope type night-vision scope and two observation periscopes connected to the main gun. The right side of the main gun is equipped with Rank Precision Industries' SPAVL2A1 passive night-vision goggles with two magnifications and field of view, 5.8×, 8× field of view for sighting, and 1.6×, 28× field of view for surveillance purposes. The two magnifications do not interfere. The image enhancement tube is protected by a blackout curtain, which is not subject to the flash of the muzzle flash. The shade curtain is electrically controlled by the artillery firing system. When high magnification is selected, the illuminated ballistic reticle mirror with brightness control is automatically introduced into the optical system. The lens is equipped with a wiper, and the sight is protected by an armor cover.

Wheeled special armored reconnaissance vehicle

The rear of the engine compartment is an integral part of the engine and transmission, which can be removed from the rear of the vehicle. The engine uses a dual-block damper carburetor with cold starting equipment. The transmission is a preselected gear planetary gearbox with a hydrodynamic coupling.
The cooling system consists of two radiators arranged horizontally on the top of the rear of the engine with a pair of centrifugal fans between the radiators. Lubricants for the engine and transmission are cooled by an oil radiator.
The car adopts independent suspension and consists of upper and lower fork rods, spiral springs and cylinder type hydraulic shock absorbers. The connecting part of the upper and lower fork lever also serves as a lubricant tank, and the vibration damper is installed in the coil spring. The maximum vertical stroke of the wheel is 0.279m.
The car can be immersed in a depth of 1m without any preparation. The boarding floats are ready within 2 minutes and they are propelled and steered on the water. The front of the floating balance sheet has 1 transparent plate for observation and a drainage pump with a flow rate of 205 L/min. The Fox reconnaissance vehicle serving in the British Army has removed the floating trap.
The car is equipped with a 30mm RARDEN gun that can fire a variety of artillery shells. It can fire single shots and 6 rounds. The empty shells automatically eject outside the car. There is a 7.62mm parallel machine gun on the left side of the main gun. There are 4 smoke bomb launchers on both sides of the front of the turret. All weapons are electronically controlled and the main gun and parallel machine gun can be manually overridden.
The radio equipment is installed at the rear of the turret. The working environment temperature of the vehicle is minus 40° to minus 50° and can be transported by air.
The car's standard equipment includes infrared filters, spotlights, an external fuel storage tank, a 13.6L drinking water tank, and an electrical junction box.
Optional equipment includes navigation equipment, power turning devices, nuclear and chemical detection equipment, and ZB298 surveillance radar. [4]


Development status As the ground war has undergone tremendous changes, armored reconnaissance vehicles are no exception. The traditional function of the armored reconnaissance vehicle has been to detect and gather accurate tactical information about the enemy and the terrain in front of the main force and send the information to the commander. The reconnaissance detachment can also perform wing cover, route reconnaissance and escort missions.
The 4×4 reconnaissance vehicle used to be a typical old-generation light reconnaissance vehicle. It was difficult to find because of its small size, and it was equipped only with machine guns, such as the British “Ferret” and the former Soviet Union’s BRDM-2. The observation equipment of these vehicles is limited to the use of sights and infrared night vision equipment. The information is transmitted to the next chain of command through the radio station, radio waves may be intercepted on the way, and the vehicle can hardly accurately determine its position. Later, infrared night-vision devices were gradually replaced by second-generation image enhancement systems and were recently replaced by thermal imaging cameras. Although the latter is usually quite expensive, the target detection and recognition distance is much greater than in the past.
The new generation of reconnaissance vehicles are usually equipped with advanced reconnaissance systems, including cameras, thermal imaging cameras, human eye safety laser rangefinders, precision ground navigation systems, and advanced communication systems. Through these devices, data can be transmitted in real time to the next command chain or higher command level.
While many countries are still using well-equipped armored platforms to perform reconnaissance missions, some countries have begun to equip small vehicles with dedicated sensor assemblies. The future reconnaissance system is gradually becoming a sensor platform. The most significant difference between this platform and previous generations of platforms is that sensors, communications and navigation equipment are far more expensive than the platform itself.
The debate about whether the reconnaissance vehicle should be wheeled or crawler has continued for many years. There are no indications that this debate will stop. The final plan depends on the operational requirements and the expected terrain.
The Anglo-American TRACER/FSCS, which has been terminated, is an example of a modern reconnaissance platform. The Sika and Lancer consortium have each developed an advanced full-track vehicle, both of which are equipped with remote-controlled 40 mm counter-attack (CTA) weapon systems. Three occupants sit in the car using a flat panel display that shows various information from multiple sensors. The stealth feature of the vehicle makes it difficult to detect. The rubber belt track can reduce the noise. If necessary, a hybrid electric drive system can be used for silent driving.
In today's high-tech world, armored reconnaissance vehicles are only one component of the entire Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA) component that is connected to the command, control, communications, and computer (C4) network. RSTA components also include various aerial sensor platforms such as satellites, various fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). As information takes a long time to pass to users, the use of old drones is limited. Various ground sensors, including radar, can provide information on the transfer of enemy troops or target strikes for artillery and rocket systems.


New armored reconnaissance vehicles Belarus Belarus Monitor Services (MONITOR SERVISE) developed 2T Stalker is one of the recently launched reconnaissance vehicle, the car has demonstrated it many times in the Middle East. The 2T Stalker is a fully tracked vehicle equipped with a 30mm cannon and a 7.62mm parallel machine gun. The roof is equipped with two missile launchers: one consists of two ground-to-air missiles after launch and the other consists of two. 9K114 Kokon anti-tank missiles. The car is equipped with a complex day/night fire control system. The Canadian Canadian Armed Forces chose Coyote, now developed by the Canadian branch of General Dynamics Ground Systems Division, to replace the joint defense company's Lynx all-crawler command reconnaissance vehicle. The Coyote is based on the 8x8 light-duty armored vehicle (LAV) chassis and retains the 25-mm LAV-25 turret developed by the California Technical Center at the General Dynamics Ground Systems Division.
A total of about 203 "coyotes" were purchased in Canada. They consist of three types of vehicles: one equipped with a mast-type sensor assembly; one equipped with two tripod sensor assemblies; and one mainly used for receiving data but not equipped with sensor assemblies. The mast sensor assembly is mounted on the rear of the turret and can be received under armor when not needed. The sensor pod on the top of the mast consists of a surveillance radar, a remote TV camera (reported to have a day/night detection/detection distance up to 18 km) and an eye-safe laser rangefinder. The mast can be raised to 10 meters under full armor and nuclear and chemical protection. Czech Republic Czech Republic VOP 026 plant claimed to have extensive experience in tracked and wheeled armored vehicle upgrades and maintenance. The country's Snezka reconnaissance vehicle is a relatively new platform. The vehicle is based on an extended BMP chassis with 7 wheels on each side. The overhead scissor equipment includes a set of sensor components consisting of radar, day/night television camera, thermal imaging camera, laser range finder, and wind speed measurement system. It takes 90 seconds to lift the sensor pod to the top and 1 minute to lower it.
The Snezka reconnaissance vehicle is also equipped with a Honeywell TALIN navigation system and various communication devices. The car has been in service in the Czech Republic for many years and is used together with the Light Observing System (LOS) based on the BMP chassis. The LOS will be deployed in front of the Snezka reconnaissance vehicle. The LOS uses a 30 mm cannon and a retractable mast sensor pod with a day/night TV system, an eye-safe laser rangefinder, and a laser target marker/indicator. The car is also equipped with inertial navigation systems and a variety of communications equipment.
The VOP 026 plant also developed an upgrade kit for the widely used Russian 4x4 BRDM-2 armored vehicle, which includes the replacement of the gasoline engine with a diesel engine and the removal of spare tires. The French- France Army used a 6×6 AMX-10RC armored vehicle equipped with a 105-mm gun and a Panhard 4×4 VBL reconnaissance vehicle to cooperate with Leclair Tanks. Type 6x6 vehicles have received improvements in service life. Improvements include: turrets, suspensions, and transmissions, and installation of thermal imaging cameras and terminal information systems.
The French Army has equipped more than 1,200 VBL reconnaissance vehicles. The production of the vehicle will continue for many years. At least 9 overseas customers purchased the VBL for various tasks such as reconnaissance, anti-tank and air defense. The standard model has a wheelbase of 2.45 meters and a long wheelbase (2.7 meters wheelbase). In addition to various weapon stations, VBL can also install mast sensor pods.
The French Army also has 192 Panhard 6×6 ERC 90 Sagaie armored vehicles, which are widely used in Africa, the Balkans and the Middle East. These vehicles will be upgraded in various ways, including replacing the Peugeot V-6 gasoline engine with a more fuel-efficient diesel engine.
ACMAT has developed a VLRB armored contact reconnaissance vehicle based on the proven ACMAT chassis. In order to meet different operational requirements, the vehicle can be equipped with different sensor components and weapon systems. The car is also used as the basis for the SYPORA reconnaissance system jointly developed by ACMAT and the French Ground Weapons Industry Group and Thales Optoelectronics. The VLRB is equipped with a Thalassian Armored Vehicle (AFV) System Stabilized Weapon and Reconnaissance Base (SWARM), an M2 12.7 mm machine gun, and a sensor assembly. The German- German Army has used the "Mole" 1 airlift developed by Rheinmetall's ground system division for many years. The vehicle is equipped with a "Tao" anti-tank missile or a 20-mm cannon. About 30 "Musk Rats" with "Tao" anti-tank missiles were recently converted into reconnaissance vehicles. The "Tao" missile system was dismantled and a new superstructure was installed on the raised roof. The rear is a retractable mast with an STN Atlas Elektronik AOZ automatic sighting system on the top.
The 8x8 Luchs reconnaissance vehicle produced by the Rheinmetall ground system division has been the German Army’s standard reconnaissance vehicle for many years. The vehicle weighs 20 tons and has 3 occupants. Its double turret is equipped with a 20-mm unit. Cannon and 7.62 mm machine gun equipped with a one-generation thermal imager.
The new "Fennek" reconnaissance vehicle developed by the ARGE Fennek consortium (composed of SP Aerospace and Vehicle Systems of the Netherlands and Krauss-Maffei Wiegmann of Germany) will replace the Bobcats. According to the current plan, the German Army will receive 202 "African Fox" reconnaissance vehicles, while the Netherlands will accept 410 vehicles; the first vehicles will be delivered to the Royal Dutch Army. The reconnaissance vehicle is equipped with a mast sensor assembly developed by STN Atlas Elektronik. The assembly includes a thermal imaging optics device and an eye-safe laser rangefinder. The car is also equipped with a navigation system and a variety of communication systems. The RAMTAD branch of Israel- Israel Aircraft Industry Co., Ltd. developed a 4x4 RAM series light armored vehicle. In addition to being a weapons platform, these vehicles can also be used as reconnaissance vehicles. In Italy a few years ago, the Italian Army decided to replenish its tank fleet with an 8x8 105 mm Centauro armored vehicle. These vehicles are widely used in Somalia and the Balkans. "Santa Tarot" has the same firepower as the "Leopard" 1 tank, but it is faster and more strategically mobile.
The Italian Army has received 400 "Santola" and Spain has received the first 22 and ordered another 62. The Iveco Otto consortium, recently formed by Iveco Defence’s Vehicle Division and Otto Merala, has developed a “Santa Tauro” model equipped with a 120-mm artillery and a complete special vehicle family, including Armored personnel carrier. Iveco is responsible for the chassis and Otto Merala is responsible for turrets and weapons.
In order to meet the requirements of the Italian Army, Iveco also developed a light multi-purpose vehicle (LMV), which is also being sold by Alvis Vickers in the UK. The vehicle can be used for a variety of tasks and is equipped with an overhead weapon station and surveillance components. In mid-July this year, the car was selected as the British Army's future command link vehicle, and the British Army is expected to purchase 486 vehicles. Poland Russian army equipped with 4 × 4 type BRDM-2 reconnaissance vehicles, and developed some of these vehicles to extend the service life of the upgrade kit. The Type 96I is characterized by the new Iveco diesel engine. The spare tires are removed from the vehicle. There is a door on both sides of the body and turret, and the 14.5 mm and 7.62 mm machine guns are retained.
A similar improvement was applied to the Type 97 vehicle, but the turret was modified to install an overhead 9K111 series Fagot anti-tank guided weapon and replace the 14.5 mm machine gun with a 12.7 mm NSTV weapon.
Models 96I and 97 are in service, while the newest model 98 is still in the prototype phase. The model is similar to the 97 model but also features the STN Atlas Elektronik BAA observation and sighting system.

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